Road salt is a product used to remove snow and ice from roads and pavements. It is a key product in the winter season, when it is necessary to maintain safety on the roads. Road salt consists of sodium chloride (NaCl) and is produced in various forms, including granules, flakes, crystals or liquid.
Composition: Road salt consists basically of only one component – sodium chloride (NaCl), which is usually produced from rock salt or sea salt. However, other substances such as magnesium may also be added to the road salt in order to improve its properties, such as lowering the melting point or increasing surface adhesion.
Application: The main use of road salt is to remove snow and ice from road surfaces and pavements during the winter season. Due to the chemical properties of sodium chloride, when salt is spread on the surface, it dissolves in melting snow or ice, reducing their quantity and reducing their adhesion to the surface. This makes it possible to ensure road safety, increase vehicle grip and reduce the risk of accidents.
Road salt is also used in industry, glass and ceramics, chemistry and pharmaceuticals, and as a preservative in the food industry.
However, it is important to use road salt in moderation, as excessive use of salt can lead to soil and groundwater contamination and adversely affect plants and animals. Therefore, it is recommended to use other methods, such as sand, gravel or other loose materials, where the use of road salt may be harmful.